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What is Indian Economic Service (IES) Examination?

The Indian Economic Service (IES) Examination is a competitive exam conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) in India. The exam is designed for those who wish to pursue a career in economics and related fields in the government sector.

To join the IES, one has to clear the IES Examination, which is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) every year. The IES Examination is an all-India open competitive examination that tests your knowledge and aptitude in economics and related subjects. The examination consists of two stages: written examination and viva voce.

The written examination is further divided into six papers, which cover various aspects of economics and related subjects. These papers include subjects like General English, General Studies, Economics-I, Economics-II, Economics-III, and Indian Economics.

The General English paper tests your proficiency in the English language and includes questions on grammar, vocabulary, and comprehension. The General Studies paper evaluates your knowledge of current affairs, general awareness, and analytical ability.

The three papers on economics – Economics I, Economics II, and Economics III – delve into various aspects of economics, including microeconomics, macroeconomics, international economics, public finance, and development economics. These papers require a thorough understanding of economic theories, concepts, and their practical applications.

If you qualify for the written examination are called for the interview or viva voce, which is a personal interview conducted by a board of competent and unbiased observers. The interview carries 200 marks and aims to assess your suitability for the service, your personality, and your general interest in economics and current affairs.

The final selection is based on your performance in both the written examination and the viva voce or interview, subject to your medical fitness and verification of your character and antecedents. The candidates who are selected are appointed to the IES and undergo a probationary training period of two years, during which they learn the practical aspects of economic administration and policymaking.

 Importance of Economic Service (IES) Examination

The IES Examination is important for many reasons. First, it is a great opportunity for a challenging and rewarding career in the field of economics and public policy. IES officers play an important role in formulating and implementing economic policies and programs that have a direct impact on the lives of millions of Indians.

The IES Examination also is essential for maintaining transparency, objectivity, and professionalism in the formulation of economic policies. Recruiting economists through a rigorous selection process ensures that individuals with a strong understanding of economic theory and principles are entrusted with key roles in the government.

The IES Examination also contributes to India’s international standing. As economic policies are increasingly interlinked with the global economy, having a cadre of well-trained economists who can engage in international economic forums and negotiations is important. These economists represent India in international bodies and discussions, helping protect and promote the country’s economic interests on the global stage.

The IES Examination is also a test of your ability to communicate effectively. IES officers are required to communicate their ideas and recommendations to a wide range of stakeholders, including policymakers, bureaucrats, and the general public.

IES officers also play an important role in regulating various economic sectors, such as banking, insurance, and securities markets. They also work to promote competition and protect consumers.


As we all know, the Indian Economic Service (IES) Examination is a pivotal gateway for professionals aspiring to contribute to India’s economic development.

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This rigorous examination evaluates candidates’ expertise in economic analysis and policy formulation. Success in the IES Examination signifies a commitment to shaping the nation’s economic landscape, fostering skilled individuals who play a crucial role in policymaking and economic governance.

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